Herbs Guide

Black Pepper

Family Name: Piperaceae

Botanical Name(s): Piper nigrum

Popular Name(s): Pepper, White Pepper, Green Peppercorns, Maricha, Gulmirch

Parts Used: Fruit

Habitat: Black Pepper is widely found in India and Cochin-China. It is cultivated in other parts of the world also.

Description: Black Pepper is a woody, broad-leaved evergreen vine which grows up to 20 feet. Its leaves are entire, broadly ovate, acuminate, with seven nerves and possess dark green colour. The flowers are small, white, sessile and the fruits are globular, red berries when ripe with a coarsely wrinkled surface.

Uses: Black Pepper has aromatic, stimulant, carminative properties. It is used as an anthelmintic, antipyretic and expectorant. It cures cholera, asthma, diarrhoea, hemorrhoids, chronic rheumatism and a number of other diseases.