Family Name: N.O. Rhamnaceae
Botanical Name(s): Rhamnus Frangula (LINN.)
Popular Name(s): Black Dogwood, Frangula Bark, Arrowwood,
European Buckthorn, Persian Berries
Parts Used: Bark
Habitat: Alder Buckthorn is widely found in Europe and northern
Asia and England.
Description: Alder Buckthorn is a slender shrub and grows up to
a height of 25 feet. The plant bears branches which are green in earlier
stages of its life but turns to brownish-gray as they grow. Its oval
shaped leaves are olive-green in colour and are alternately arranged.
Its fruit is a three-seeded berry.
Uses: Alder Buckthorn is used as a tonic, laxative and
cathartic. Its bark is used to cure chronic constipation.