Botanical Name(s): Plantago major
Popular Name(s): Broad-leaved Plantain, Ripple Grass, White Man's Foot, Snakeweed
Parts Used: The root, leaves and flower-spikes
Habitat: Plantain is found abundantly in North America and in Europe.
Description: Plantain grows from short rhizome and possesses many straight yellowish roots. The plant has large radial rosette leaves and some slender spikes which are densely-flowered. The leaves are oval shaped and are contracted at the base. The blade of the leaves is 4 to 10 inches in length. The flowers are purplish-green in colour. The fruits of the plant are two-celled capsule and contain four to sixteen seeds.
Uses: Plantain is used as refrigerant, diuretic and as deobstruent. It is used in inflammation of the skin, malignant ulcers and in intermittent fever. The leaves are applied on bleeding surfaces as they arrest haemorrhage. A decoction prepared using Plantain is considered good in disorders of the kidneys. The roots are powdered and are effective in the complaints of the bowels.