Family Name: Rutaceae
Botanical Name(s): Citrus Limon
Popular Name(s): Citrus Medica, Citrus Limonum, Citronnier,
Neemoo, Leemoo, Limoun, Limone.
Parts Used: Fruits, juice, peel, as well as the essential oil is
Habitat: Indigenous to Northern India. Widely cultivated in
Description: It is a small deciduous tree bearing thorns on its
stems and twigs with dark oval leaves. Highly scented, pale, purple
budded white flowers appear in spring and summer, followed by yellow
fruits with a very sour pulp or flesh.
Uses: Lemons positively effects blood circulation and is used to
treat varicose veins and hemorrhoids. It is also used for kidney stones,
minor fevers and bronchial congestion. The lemon peel has stomachic
properties. Lemon is also the main ingredient for lemonade, sorbet ice,
salad dressings and marinades. The juice is used in making cheese, and
the pectin contained in lemons (specifically the peel and pith) helps to
set jams and jellies.