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Gardenia

Family Name: Rubiaceae

Botanical Name(s): Gardeniae Jasminoidis

Popular Name(s): Gardenia, Cape Jasmine Fruit, Gardenia fruit, Zhi zi

Parts Used: Fruit

Habitat: It is a native of Northern India and Persia

Description: This is an evergreen shrub or small tree, 2 to 5 m in height, with a smooth, whitish, usually straight main stem and short, rigid branch lets. The leaves are crowded near the ends of the branchlets. They are a glossy light green, hairless, softly to thinly leathery and conspicuously veined. The flowers are large, showy, creamy white and heavily perfumed, particularly at night. They open from elegantly furled creamy-green buds.

Uses: Roots are widely used in Africa to treat skin diseases and skin lesions caused by leprosy. The roots are also used as an emetic against fever. The root bark is used as an emetic for biliousness, and to treat gall bladder problems. The latex is used as a purgative. The wood is heavy, dense and extraordinarily hard; a pleasing yellowish color and it presents a high luster when polished.






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